CITIES OF NORTH SYRIA
Qamishli, capital of the Democratic Federation of Northern Syria, is a city in northeastern Syria with approximately half a million of inhabitants, the population of which had doubled in the course of the civil war. The city as known in its current form has a quite recent history. Situated near the area of the ancient Hurrian city of Urkesh at the feet of the Taurus Mountains.
Qamishli was expanded by Kurdish, Syriac and Armenian refugees fleeing genocide around the turn of the 20th century. Later it served as a central railway cross-point during the colonialist era.
Qamishli has a mixed population of Kurds, Syriacs, Armenians, and Arab settlements and diverse cultural background that pairs with the richdom in fertile lands and natural resources.
Al-Hasakah, or Hesîçe in Kurdish, lies in the northeastern part of the Democratic Federation of Northern Syria, on the banks of the Khabur River which confluences with the Ceqceq river and forms in the end the euphrates.
The multiethnic city of more than 200 000 people is part of the Cizre Canton and located in the middle of several prehistoric witness of the past. The city grew in size and importance in the midst of the 20th century after it was turned into the centre of an extensive irrigated farming region with high production of wheat cotton.
To the north of Hesîçe are the cities Qamishli, Serê Kaniyê and Derik, to the south Deir ez-Zor.