NORTH AND EAST SYRIA
North and East Syria is the northeastern region of Syria with a mixed population of various ethnicities and reglious groups. The people of the region declared their Self-Administration in November 2013 following the outbreak of the Syrian Civil War, and extended this governance system with the declaration of a federal system on 17 March 2016. Its geographic territory is made up of three administrative districts – called “regions” – Cizire, Euphrates, and Afrin. The capital city is Qamishli, located in Cizire Region. Currently, the region is home to over 4.5 million residents, but this number is consistently increasing due to the ongoing arrival of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees.
The region is home to a diverse variety of ethnicities, religions, and cultures, including the Kurds, Arabs, Syriacs-Assyrians, Armenians, Turkmens, Circassians; Muslims, Christians, Yezidis, and more. The SANES was founded on, and is governed by, the principles: gender equality, multicultural plurality, legal self-defense, and sustainable ecology.
Since the declaration of the Self-Administration in 2013, North Syria has continued to work towards equality and representation for all its peoples. New school systems for children have been developed where students are finally allowed to study and grow using their native tongues – previously banned by Ba’ath government. Universities have also been founded and continue to develop new curriculums in social sciences, law and justice, education and language, and more. Minority cultures and arts have been revived and expanded, and the colourful diversity of multiculturalism is consistently encouraged.