North Syria, also referred in media to as Rojava, is the northern region of Syria with a significant Kurdish population. The region declared autonomy following the outbreak of the Syrian Civil War in November 2013 and extended this autonomy with the declaration of a federal system on 17 March 2016. Its geographic territory is made up of three administrative districts – called “cantons” – Çizire, Kobanê, and Afrin. The capital city is Qamishli, located in Çizire Canton. Currently, the region is home to over 4.5 million residents, but this number consistently increases due to the ongoing arrival of refugees from newly liberated territory.
North Syria is populated not only by Kurds. The region is home to a diverse variety of ethnicities, religions, and cultures, including Arabs, Syriacs-Assyrians, Yezidis, Armenians, Turkmens, Circassians, and more. North Syria was founded on and is governed by, the principles of democratic confederalism: gender equality, multicultural plurality, self-defense, and sustainable ecology. Since the declaration of autonomy, democratic con-federalism has been employed the Self-Administration, the collective name given to the region’s administrative apparatuses, to establish a bottom-up democratic system that represents all peoples living in North Syria.
Since 2013, North Syria has continued to work towards equality and representation for all its peoples. New school systems for children have been developed where students are finally allowed to study and grow using their native tongues – banned under previous Syrian regimes. Universities have also been founded and continue to develop new curriculums in social sciences, law and justice, education and language, and more. Minority cultures and arts have been revived and expanded with the colorful diversity of multiculturalism consistently encouraged.