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The Democratic Self-Administration is the highest governing body of the federalized region. The system of governance in the region functions from the bottom up, starting at the community level, and moving upwards through communes, judicial bodies, and the Self-Administration. All decisions are made democratically and each deliberating body is led by co-chairs. The co-chair system ensures the provision of gender equality at all levels of administration as there must be one man and one woman. 

As the highest level of the democratic system, the Self-Administration handles issues concerning international relations, large-scale infrastructure development, and other affairs that cannot be handled at the lower levels. It is an administrative system that represents all ethnic and religious groups present in North Syria, ensuring representation through a quota system which includes a quota to ensure the participation of women, as well as men.